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TRUE / UNTRUE IN CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

TRUE / UNTRUE IN CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

TRUE IN THE PRESENT OR FUTURE

Didalam kalimat Conditional yang mengungkapkan Kebenaran dan fakta dalam PRESENT /FUTURE , tenses yang digunakan adalah SIMPLE PRESENT.

Hasil dari Clause bisa mempunyai kata kerja dasar yang bervariasi. Sebuah Kata Kerja dari Result Clause Bisa menjado :

Contoh :
- if I don’t eat breakfast , I always get hungry during class.
1.  ( SIMPLE PRESENT , untuk mengekspresikan kegiatan / situasi yang habitual )

- water freezes OR will freezes if the temperature reaches 32 degrees of Fahrenheit
2. ( Salah satu SIMPLE PRESENT atau SIMPLE PAST untuk mengungkapkan fakta yang mapan, dapat diprediksi atau kebenaran umum )

- if I don’t eat breakfast tomorrow morning , I will get hungry during class
3. ( FUTURE TENSE , untuk mengungkapkan kegiatan tertentu atau situasi di masa yang akan datang )

- if it rains , we should stay home
- if it rains , I might decide to stay home
- if it rains , we can’t go
- if it rains , we’re going to stay home
4. ( Modals dan Phrasal Modals seperti : should , might , can , be going to )

- if anyone calls , please take a message
5. ( Kata kerja IMPERATIF / bentuk perintah )

UNTRUE IN THE PRESENT OR FUTURE ( KEBALIKAN DARI TRUE )

Contoh :
- if I taught this class , I wouldn’t give the tests
( in truth : I don’t teach class )
- if he were here right now , he would help us
( in truth : he is not here right now )
- if I were you , I would accept their invitation
( in truth : I am not you )

Note : were bisa digunakan untuk subject yang berbentuk Singular dan Plural.
     Was ( with I , he , she , it ) adalah kadang kadang digunakan dalam Informal speech.
 Contoh : If I was you , I’d accept their invitation.

BANDINGKAN

- if I had enough money , I would buy a car
( si Pembicara mengingikan sebuaj mobil , tetapi tidak memilik cukup uang.Would mengungkapkan Keinginan atau Hasil yang bisa diprediksi )

- if I had enough money , I could buy a car.
( Si pembicara sedang mengekspresikan satu hasil yang memungkinkan. Could = would be able to. Could Mengekspresikan Oilihan yang mungkin

Latihan : Present or Future Conditional sentences ( Lengkapilah Kalimat dengan menggunakan Kata kerja yang ada didalam kurung )

1. If I have enough apples , I ( bake ) ………………………………… an apple pie this afternoon
2. If I had enough apples , I ( bake ) ………………………………… an apple pie this afternoon
3. I will fix your bicycle if I ( have ) ………………………………… a screwdriver of the proper size
4. Sally always answers the phone if she ( be ) ………………………………… in her offices
5. I would fix your bicycle if I ( have ) ………………………………… a screwdriver of the proper size
6. Sally would answer the phone if she ( be ) ………………………………….. in her office right now.
7. I ( be,not ) …………………………………. a student in this class if English ( be ) …………………………………. my native language
8. Most people know that oils floats on water. If you pour oil on water, it ( float ) ………………………………….
9. If there ( be ) …………………………………. no oxygen on earth, life as we know it ( exist , not ) ………………………………….
10. My evening newspaper has been late every day this week. If the paper ( arrive , not ) …………………………………. on time today, I’m going to cancel my subscription
11. If I ( be ) …………………………………. a bird, I ( want , not ) …………………………………. to live my whole life in a cage
12. How old ( human beings, live ) ……………………………………………………. to be if all diseases in the world ( be ) …………………………………. completely eradicated
13. If you boil water , it ( disappear ) …………………………………. into the atmosphere as vapor
14. If people ( have ) ………………………………….paws instead of hands with fingers and opposable thumbs, the machines we use in everyday life ( have to ) ……………………………….. be constructed very differently. We ( be , not ) ……………….able to turn knobs, push small buttons, or hold tools and utensils securely

UNTRUE IN THE SIMPLE PAST

Contoh :
- if you had told me about the problem , I would have helped you
( in truth : you did’nt tell me about it )
- if they had studied , they would have passed the exam
( in truth : they didn’t study. Therefore , they failed the exam )
- if I hadn’t slipped on the stairs , I wouldn’t have broken my arm
( in truth : I slipped on the stairs. I broke my arms )

Latihan : Lengkapilan Kalimat - kalimat dengan menggunakan kata kerja yang ada di dalam kurung

1. If I ( have ) ………………………………. enough money , I will go with you.
2. If I ( have ) ………………………………. enough money , I would go with you
3. If I ( have ) ………………………………. enough money , I would have gone with you
4. If the weather is nice tomorrow , we ( go ) ………………………………. to the zoo
5. If the weather were nice today , we ( go ) ………………………………. to the zoo
6. If the weather had been nice yesterday , we ( go ) ………………………………. to the zoo
7. If sally ( be ) ………………………………. at home tomorrow , I am going to visit her
8. Jim isn’t home right now, if he ( be ) ………………………………. at home right now , I ( visit ) ………………………………. him
9. Linda wasn’t at home yesterday. If she ( be ) ………………………………. at home yesterday, I ( visit ) ………………………………. her
10. A : Shh ! your father is taking a nap. Uh-oh. You woke him up
B : Gee ! I’m sorry, mom. If I ( realize ) ………………………………. he was sleeping, I ( make , not ) ………………………………. so much noise when I came on. But how was I supposed to know ?

Latihan : Untrue Conditionals .( Ubahlah Pernyataan dibawah ini kedalam Conditional sentences )

Contoh : Roberto came, so I wasn’t disappointed. But ……………..
But if he had not come, I would have been disappointed

1. There are so many bugs in the room because there isn’t a screen in the windows. But ………
2. I didn’t buy a bicycle because I didn’t have enough money. But ………….
3. I won’t buy a bicycle because I don’t have enough money. But …………..
4. You got into so much trouble because you didn’t listen to me. But ……………….
5. The woman did’t die because she received immediate medical attention. But …………………….
6. Nadia didn’t pass the entrance examination, so she wasn’t admitted to the university . but …………………
7. We ran out of gas because we didn’t stop at the service station. But ……………….

Latihan : Review : Conditional Sentences. Lengkapilah Kalimat dibawah ini dengan menggunakan kata kerja di dalam kurung

1. You should tell your father exactly what happened. If I ( be ) ………………………………. you, I ( tell ) ………………………………. him the truth as soon as possible
2. If I ( have ) ………………………………. my camera with me yesterday. I ( take ) ………………………………. a picture of Alex standing on his head
3. I’m almost ready to plant my garden, I have a lot of seeds. Maybe I have more than I need. If I ( have ) ………………………………. more seeds than I need, I ( give ) ………………………………. some to my neighbor
4. George has only two pairs of socks. If he ( have ) ………………………………. more than two pairs of socks, he ( have to , not ) ………………………………. wash his socks so often
5. The hapulled hiss gun to shoot at the rattlesnakes, but he was too late. If he ( be ) ………………………………. quicker to pull the trigger, the snake ( bite , not ) ………………………………. him on the foot. It’s a good thing he was wearing heavy leather boots.
6. What ( we , use ) ………………………………. to look at ourselves when we comb our hair if we ( have , not ) ………………………………. mirrors ?
7. It has been a long drought. It hasn’t rained for over a month. If it ( rain , not ) ……………………………….soon, a lot crops ( die ) ……………………………….. if the crops ( die ) ………………………………., many people ( go ) ………………………………. hungry this coming winter
8. According to one scientific theory , an asteroid collided with the earth millions of years ago, causing great changes in the earth’s climate. Some scientists believe that if this asteroid ( collide, not ) ………………………………. with the earth, the dinosaurs ( become , not ) ………………………………. extinct. Can you imagine what the world ( be ) ………………………………. like today if dinosaurs ( exist ,still ) ………………………………. ? do you think it ( be ) ………………………………. possible for dinosaurs and human beings to coexist on the same planet ?

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