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Troublesome verbs : Raise / Rise , Set / Sit . Lay / Lie

Troublesome verbs : Raise / Rise , Set / Sit . Lay / Lie

Transitive intransitive
a. Raise , raised , raised b. rise , rose , risen
Tom raised his hand the sun rises in the east

c. Set, set , set d. sit , sat , sat
I will set the book on the desk I sit in the front row

e. Lay , laid , laid f. lie** , lay , lain
I am laying the book on the desk he is laying on his bed

Note : raise , set and lay are transitive verbs; they are followed by an object. Rise , sit and lie are intransitive; i.e. they are not followed by an object
In (a): raised is followed by the object hand
In (b): rises is not followed by an object

Lay and lie are troublesome for native speakers too are frequently misused.
** lie is a regular verb ( lie , lied ) when it means “ not tell the truth “ : he lied to me about his age


Exercise : Troublesome verbs
Directions : Choose the correct word in parentheses.

1. the student ( raised , rose ) his hand in class
2. Hot air ( raises , rises )
3. Ann ( set , sat ) in a chair because she was tired
4. I ( set , sat ) your dictionary on the table a few minutes ago
5. Hens ( lye , lie ) eggs
6. Sara is ( laying , lying ) on the grass in the park right now
7. Jan ( laid , lay ) the comb on top of the dresser a few minutes ago
8. If you are tired , you should ( lay , lie ) down and take a nap
9. San francisco ( lay , lies ) to the north of Los Angeles
10. Mr. Faust ( raises , rises ) many different kinds of flowers in his garden
11. The student ( raised , rose ) from her seat and walked to the front of the auditorium to receive her diploma
12. Hiroki is a very methodical person. Every night before going to bed , he ( lyes , lies ) his clothes for the next day on his chair
13. Where are my keys ? I ( lay , laid ) them here on the desk five minutes ago
14. Fred ( set , sat ) the table for dinner
15. Fred ( set , sat ) at the table for dinner
16. The fulfillment of all your dreams ( lies , lays ) within you - if you just believe in yourself.

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