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Saturday, November 17, 2018

Kalimat Passive

Kalimat Passive

Didalam Kalimat Passsive ,  objek dari kata kerja aktif menjadi subjek dari kata kerja pasif:
Contoh :
- Active : Mary helped the boy ( Mary membantu anak Laki laki )
- Passive : The boy was helped by Mary ( anak Laki laki dibantu oleh Mary ) bentuk kalimat nya sudah lampau ditandai dengan tob be " was " jika present , to be nyamenggunaka "is"

Catatan : The boy idalam kalimat Active menjadi Subject dalam kalimat kata kerja Passive
Melihat bahwa  subject dalam kalimat Active menggunakan by dalam kalimat Passive.  KAta benda yang mengikuti  by disebut agent “ . Dalam kalimat Passive , Mary adalah“ agent “

Hanya kata kerja Transitif ( kalimat yang lengkap , yang ada objeknya ) digunakan dalam kalimat passive. Ini tidak akan mungkin menggunakan kata kerja intransitive ( seperti happen , sleep , come , seem ) di dalam kalimat passive.
- Active   : An accident happened.
- Passive  : ( None )
 
Form of the Passive is


Active :                                                                                            Passive :
Simple Present          : Phill helps the boy                                 The boy is helped by Phill
Present Progressive  : Phill is helping the boy                         The boy is being helped by Phill
Present Perfect *       : Phill has helped the boy                      The boy has been helped by Phill
Simple Past                 : Phill helped the boy                             The boy was helped by Phill
Past Progressive         : Phill was helping the boy                    The boy was being helped by Phill
Past Perfect *              : Phill had helped the boy                     The boy had been helped by Phill
Simple Perfect *          : Phill will help the boy                          The boy will be helped by Phill
Be going to                   : Phill will be going to help the boy     The boy will be going to be helped by Phill
Future Perfect *           : Phill will have helped the boy            The boy will have been helped by Phill

Didalam bentuk kata tanya dalam kalimat passive , sebuah auxiliary ( atau kata kerja bantu seperti do/does , was/were dll diperlukan).

- Was the boy helped by Phill ?
- Is the boy being helped by Phill ?
- Has the boy been helped by Phill ?

* The progressive form of the “ Present Perfect , Past Perfect , Future , and Future Perfect are very rarely used in the Passive.

Exercise I : Tukarlah Kalimat Aktif ke kalimat Passive

1. Angelina opens the door       , the door ………………. by Angelina
2. Angelina is opening the door        , the door  ………………………… by Angelina
3. Angelina has opened the door , the door …………………………….. by Angelina
4. Angelina opened the door , the door ……………………………..by Angelina
5. Angelina was opening the door , the door ………………………………by Angelina
6. Angelina had opened the door , the door ………………………………by Angelina
7. Angelina will open the door , the door ………………………………by Angelina
8. Angelina is going to open the door , the door ……………………………..by Angelina
9. Angelina will have opened the door , the door ……………………………..by Angelina
10. Is Angelina opening the door ? , ………….. the door ……………….by Angelina ?
11. Did Angelina open the door ? , ………….. the door ……………….by Angelina ?
12. Has Angelina opened the door ? , ………….. the door ………………. by Angelina ?


Exercise 2 : Change the Active to Passive

1. Shakespeare wrote that play
2. Waitress and waiters serve costumers
3. The teacher is going to explain the lesson
4. Shirley has suggested a new idea
5. Bill will invite Ann to the party
6. Alex is preparing that report
7. Two horses were pulling the farmer’s wagon
8. Kathy had returned the book to the library
9. By this time tomorrow  , the president will have made the announcement
10. I didn’t write that note. Jim wrote it
11. Alice didn’t make that pie. Did Mrs.French make it ?
12. Does Prof Jackson teach that course ? I know that prof. Adams doesn’t teach it.
13. Mrs.Andrews hasn’t signed those papers yet. Has Mr.Andrews signed them yet ?
14. Is Mr.Brown painting your house ?
15. His tricks will not fool me


tukarlah Kalimat Passive dibawah ini kedalam kalimat Aktif.

1. That sentence was written by Omar
2. Our papers are going to be collected by the teacher
3. Was the electric light bulb invented by Thomas Edison ?
4. The speed limit on Highway 5 isn’t obeyed by most drivers
5. Have you been informed of a proposed increase in our rent by the building superintendent ?


Exercise 3 :  Jika memungkinkan , tukarlah kalimat aktif dibawah ini kedalam kalimat Passive if . Beberap dalam kalimat dibawah ini adalah Intrasnitif dan tidak bisa di tukar.

1. A strange thing happened yesterday. ( no change )
2. Jackie scored the winning goal.
3. My cat died
4. I agree with Dr.Ikeda’s theory
5. Dr.Ikeda developed that theory
6. Timmy dropped the cup
7. The cup fell to the floor
8. The assistant manager interviewed me
9. It rained hard yesterday
10. A hurricane destroyed the small fishing village
11. Dinosaurs existed millions of years ago
12. A large vase stands in the corner of our fron hallway
13. The children seemed happy when they went to the zoo
14. After class, one of the students always erases the chalkboard
15. The solution to my problem appeared to me in a dream
16. Our plan succeeded at last
17. Barbara traveled to Uganda last year
18. Lightning didn’t cause the fire
19. A special committee is going to settle the dispute
20. Did the army surround the enemy ?
21. What happened in class yesterday ?
22. The Persians invented windmills around 1500 years ago






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