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Saturday, November 17, 2018

OBJECT TIDAK LANGSUNG SEBAGAI SUBJECT PASSIVE

OBJECT TIDAK LANGSUNG SEBAGAI SUBJECT PASSIVE

I.O =Indirect Object , D.O = Direct Object
Salah satu object tidak langsung atau object langsung boleh menjadi subject dari kalimat Passif.


Contoh :

a. Someone gave Mrs.Lee an award ( Seseorang memberikan Mrs Lee sebuah penghargaan ) gave bentuk kata kerja lampau dari give
I.O     D.O
b. Mrs Lee was given an award ( Nyonya Lee diberikan sebuah award )
c. Someone gave an award to Mrs.Lee
                 D.O     I.O
d. An award was given to Mrs.Lee

Notes : Kalimat a, b, c dan d Mempunyai arti yang sama
Catatan : Dalam Kalimat (d) Ketika Object Langsung menjadi Subject , to  biasanya tetap di depan Object tidak langsung

Latihan 1 : Temukan I.O dalam tiap kalimat dan buat itu ( I.O ) sebagai Focus dengan menggunakan (I.O) sebagai subject dari kalimat Passif. Gunakan Phrase by hanya jika diperlukan.

1. Someone handed Ann has awarded at the restaurant
   ( indirect Object = Ann ) -> Ann was handed a menu at the restaurant
2. Indianan University has awarded Peggy a scholarship
3. Some company paid Fred three hundred dollars in consulting fees for a job he did last week
4. Someone has given Maria a promotion at her job as a computer programmer at Microsoft
5. They will send you a bill at the end  of the month
6. Someone will give the starving people a week’s supply of rice as soon as the food supplies arrive in the famine-stricken area.

Latihan 2 : Tukar kalimat Aktif ke Passiv

1. Someone invited you to a party
2. People grow rice in many countries
3. Someone is televising the game
4. Teachers teach reading in the first grade
5. Someone told you to be here at ten
6. Someone made that hat in Mexico
7. Someone is going to serve dinner at six
8. Someone will announce the news tomorrow
9. Someone has made a mistake
10. The teacher is giving a test in the next room right now

Latihan 2 : Gunakan Kata kata di dalam daftar dibawah ini untuk melengkapi kalimat passive dibawah ini.Gunakanlah tenses tertentu untuk melengkapinya

List
Build frighten report
Cause invent spell
Confuse kill surprise
Divide offer surround
Expect order wear

1. The electric light bulb was invented by Thomas Edison
2. An island ………….. by water
3. The -ing form of “ sit “ ……. with a double t
4. Even though construction costs are high , a new dormitory ………….. next year
5. The class was too large , so it ……………………….. into two sections
6. A bracelet ………………………… around the wrist
7. The Johnson’s house burned down. According to the isnpector , the fire …………………. by lightning
8. Al got a ticket for reckless driving. When he went to traffic court , he ………………… to pay a large fine
9. I read about s hunter who ……………….. accidently ………………. by another hunter
10. The hunter’s fatal accident …………… in the newspaper yesterday
11. I didn’t expect Lisa to come to the meeting last night , but she was there. I ………………. to see her
12. Last week I …………………… a job at a local bank , but I didn’t accept it
13. The children ………………. in the middle of the night when they heard strange noises in the house
14. Could you explain this math problem to me ? yesterday in class I …………….. by the teacher’s explanation
15. A : Is the plane going to be late ?
B : No . It ……………..to be on time

Latihan 3 : gunakan salah satu kalimat Aktif atau pasif dengan kata kerja yang di dalam kurung

1. The Amazon valley is extremely important to the ecology of the earth. Forty percent of the world’s oxygen ( produce ) ……….there
2. Right now Andy is in the hospital*. He ( treat )…………..for a bad burn on his hand and arm
3. The game ( win , probably ) ………………… by the other team tomorrow. They are a lot better than we are
4. There was a terrible accident on a busy downtown street yesterday. Dozens of people ( see ) ……………..it, including my friend, who ( interview )………………. by the people
5. In my country , certain prices, such as the price of medical supplies, (control)…….by the government. Other prices (determine)…..by how much consumers are willing to pay for a product.
6. Yesterday a purse-snatcher ( catch ) …….by a dog. While the thied (chase)………………by the police, he (jump)……over a fence into someone’s yard, where he encountered a ferocious dog. The dog ( keep ) ……..the thied from escaping
7. The first fish ( appear ) ………….on the earth about 500 millions years ago. Up to now , more than 20.000 kinds of fish ( name ) ……………..and ( describe ) ……………by scientist. New species ( discover ) …………….every year, so the total increases continually
8. Richard Anderson is a former astronaut. Several years ago , when he was 52, Anderson ( inform ) …………..by his superior at an aircraft corporation that he could no longer be a test pilot. He ( tell ) ….that he was being relieved of his duties because of his age. Anderson took the corporation to court for age discrimination.
9. Frostbite may occur whe the skin ( expose ) ……….to extreme cold. It most frequently ( affect )* …….the skin of the cheeks, chin , ears , fingers , nose and toes
10. In 1877 , a network of lines ( discover ) ………on the surface of mars by an Italian astronomer, Giovanny Schiaparelli. The astronomer ( call ) ………..these lines “channels “ but when the Italian word ( translate ) ………..into English, it became “ canals”. As a result, some people thought the lines were waterways that ( build ) ……by some unknown creatures. We know that the lines are not really canals. Canals ( exist , not ) ………on Mars
11. Carl Gauss ( recognize ) ……………… as a mathematical genius when he was ten. One day a professor gave him an arithmetic problem. Carl ( ask ) ……. to add up all the numbers from 1 to 100 ( 1 + 2 + 3 etc ). It ( take ) …………him only eight seconds to solve yhe problem. How could he do it so quickly ? can you do it quickly ? Carl could do it quickly because he ( know ) ……….that each pair of numbers 1 plus 100 equaled 101. so he ( multiply ) ………50 times 101 and ( come ) ……..up with the answer : 5.050.



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