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Sunday, December 16, 2018

Latihan : Present Perfect VS Simple Past ( Gunakan SImple Past or Present Perfect )

Latihan : Present Perfect VS Simple Past ( Gunakan SImple Past or Present Perfect )

1. I ( attend , not ) ……………………………………… any perties since I came here
2. Al ( go ) ………………………………………  to a party at Sally’s Apartment last Sunday night
3. Bill ( arrive ) ………………………………………  here three days ago
4. Bill ( be ) ………………………………………  here since the 22nd
5. Try not to be absent from class again for the rest of the term. You ( miss, already )  ………………………………………  too many classes. You ( miss )  ………………………………………  two classes just last week
6. So far this week , I ( have ) ………………………………………  two tests and quiz
7. Alex is an artist. He ( draw ) ………………………………………  many beautiful pictures in his lifetime. Last week he ( draw ) ………………………………………  a beautiful mountain scene
8. Jack really needs to get in touch with you. Since this morning , he ( call ) ………………………………………  at 9:10, 10:25, 12:15. and 1:45
9. Janet ( wear ) ………………………………………  her new blue dress only once since she bought it. She ( wear ) it to her brother’s wedding last month
10. The night has ended, and it’s daylight now. The sun ( rise ) ……………………………………… . it ( rise ) ………………………………………  at 6:08
11. Last January, I ( see ) ………………………………………  snow for the first time in my life
12. Fatima ( see, never ) ………………………………………  snow in her entire lifetime
13. I ( know ) ………………………………………  Greg Adams for ten years
14. A : is Ahmed here yet ?
   B : yes , He ( arrive , just *) ………………………………………
15. A : I ( be , not ) ………………………………………  able to reach Mr. Chang yer. So far he ( respond , not ) ………………………………………  to any of my attempts to reach him
   B : oh ?
   A : I ( start ) ………………………………………  trying to reach him three days ago. Since then , I ( fax ) ……………………………………… him twice. I ( phone ) ……………………………………… him four times. And I ( send ) ………………………………………  at least six e-mails
   B : I guess modern communications don’t mean much if there’s no one at the other end
16. What ( you , learn ) ……………………………………… since you ( come ) ……………………………………… here and how many new friends ( you , make ) ……………………………………… ?
17. Since classes began, I ( have , not ) ……………………………………… much free time. I ( have ) ……………………………………… several big tests to study for.
18. Last night my friend and I ( have ) ……………………………………… some free time, so we ( go ) ……………………………………… to a show
19. I admit that I ( get ) ………………………………………older since I last ( see ) ………………………………………you , but with any luck at all, I ( get also ) ………………………………………wiser
20. The science of medicine ( advance ) ……………………………………… a great deal in the 19th century
21. In the last fifty years , medical scientist ( make ) ………………………………………many important discoveries
22. Libraries today are different from those in the 1800s. for example , the contents of libraries ( change ) ………………………………………greatly through the years. In the 1800s libraries ( be ) ………………………………………simply collections of books. However, today most libraries ( become ) ………………………………………multimedia centers that contains tapes , computers, disks , films, megazines , music, and paintings. The role of the library in society ( change , also ) ………………………………………. in the 1800s , libraries ( be ) ………………………………………open only to certain people , such as scholars or the wealthy. Today libraries serve everyone
23. A : are you taking chemistry 101 this semester ?
   B : No, I ( take , already ) ……………………………………… it . I ( take ) ……………………………………… it last semester. This semester I’m in 102
24. A : Hi, Judy. Welcome to the party. ( you , meet , ever ) ……………………………………… my cousin ?
B : No, I ………………………………………
25. A : Do you like lobster ?
B: I don’t know. I ( eat , never ) ……………………………………… it
26. A : ( you , eat ) ……………………………………… yet ?
B : No, you ?
A : yeah . I ( eat , already ) ………………………………………. I ( ( finish , just ) ………………………………………
27. A : Do you much travelling ?
B: yes. I like to travel .
A : what countries ( you, visit ) ……………………………………… ?
B : well, I ( be ) ……………………………………… to India, Turkey, Afghanistan, and Neval, among others.
A : I ( be , never ) ……………………………………… to any of those countries. When ( you , be ) ……………………………………… in India ?
B : two years ago. I ( visit , also ) ………………………………………many of the countries in Central America. I ( take ) ……………………………………… a tour of Central America about six years ago.
A : which countries ( you , visit ) ……………………………………… ?
B : Guatemala , El Salvador, Honduras , and Nickaragua.
A : I ( want , always ) ……………………………………… to travel to other countries, but I ( have , not ) ……………………………………… the opportunity to travel extensively. I ( go ) ……………………………………… to England six years ago, but I ( go , not ) ……………………………………… anywhere since then.

Saturday, December 15, 2018

Exercise : Using expressions of place with progressive verbs.

Latihan : Using expressions of place with progressive verbs.
Contoh : listen to music / in her room
          A : Where is Sally ?
   B : She’s in her room listening to music

1. Listen to music / in the living room.
   A : What’s Jim doing ?
   B : He’s …………………………………………………….
2. Watch TV / in his bedroom
   A : Where was Jack when you got home ?
   B : He was …………………………………………………….

Exercise Simple Past Vs Past Progressive / Past Continuous tense

Halo Learner , Disini ada latihan untuk mengasah kemampuan kalian dalam berbahasa Inggris. Karena soal soal type seperti ini akan Learner temukan saat mengikuti test Bahasa Inggris.

Ada beberapa Solusi cara mengetahui Tenses apa yang dipakai dalam kalimat . Salah satunya adalah dengan kita paham akan Keterangan waktu yang dipakai.

SIMPLE PRESENT and SIMPLE PAST VERB

Halo , buat kalian yang masih belom paham tentang simple present dan simple past , ( source from a book understanding and using English grammar )

coba kalian kerjakan latihan berikut ini ya. Jika ingin tahu jawabannya , 

nanti akan saya posting di youtube 


Latihan : Error Analysis : Present and Past Verbs

1. Breakfast is an important meal. i'm always eating breakfast.

2. During i waas working in my office yesterday , my cousin stops by to visit me

3. Portugal lays to the west of Spain

4. Yuki staied home because she catched a bad cold

5. my brother is looking like our father , but i am resembling my  mother

6. As a verb, " sink " is meaning " move downward " . What it means as a noun ?

7. Sang-Joon, are you listen to me ? i am talk to you!

8. I rewinded the rented video before i return it to the store yesterday

9. Abdallah is want a snack. He's being hungry

10.Anna rose her eyebrows in surprise

11. Yesterday i was working at my computer when Shelley was coming to the door of my office. I wasn't knowing she was there. I was concentrate hard on my work. When she suddenly speak, i am jump. She startle me

12. While i was surfing the net yesterday , i was finding a really interesting web site

TRUE / UNTRUE IN CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

TRUE IN THE PRESENT OR FUTURE

Didalam kalimat Conditional yang mengungkapkan Kebenaran dan fakta dalam PRESENT /FUTURE , tenses yang digunakan adalah SIMPLE PRESENT.

Hasil dari Clause bisa mempunyai kata kerja dasar yang bervariasi. Sebuah Kata Kerja dari Result Clause Bisa menjado :

Contoh :
- if I don’t eat breakfast , I always get hungry during class.
1.  ( SIMPLE PRESENT , untuk mengekspresikan kegiatan / situasi yang habitual )

- water freezes OR will freezes if the temperature reaches 32 degrees of Fahrenheit
2. ( Salah satu SIMPLE PRESENT atau SIMPLE PAST untuk mengungkapkan fakta yang mapan, dapat diprediksi atau kebenaran umum )

- if I don’t eat breakfast tomorrow morning , I will get hungry during class
3. ( FUTURE TENSE , untuk mengungkapkan kegiatan tertentu atau situasi di masa yang akan datang )

- if it rains , we should stay home
- if it rains , I might decide to stay home
- if it rains , we can’t go
- if it rains , we’re going to stay home
4. ( Modals dan Phrasal Modals seperti : should , might , can , be going to )

- if anyone calls , please take a message
5. ( Kata kerja IMPERATIF / bentuk perintah )

UNTRUE IN THE PRESENT OR FUTURE ( KEBALIKAN DARI TRUE )

Contoh :
- if I taught this class , I wouldn’t give the tests
( in truth : I don’t teach class )
- if he were here right now , he would help us
( in truth : he is not here right now )
- if I were you , I would accept their invitation
( in truth : I am not you )

Note : were bisa digunakan untuk subject yang berbentuk Singular dan Plural.
     Was ( with I , he , she , it ) adalah kadang kadang digunakan dalam Informal speech.
 Contoh : If I was you , I’d accept their invitation.

BANDINGKAN

- if I had enough money , I would buy a car
( si Pembicara mengingikan sebuaj mobil , tetapi tidak memilik cukup uang. Would mengungkapkan Keinginan atau Hasil yang bisa diprediksi )

- if I had enough money , I could buy a car.
( Si pembicara sedang mengekspresikan satu hasil yang memungkinkan. Could = would be able to. Could Mengekspresikan Oilihan yang mungkin

Latihan : Present or Future Conditional sentences ( Lengkapilah Kalimat dengan menggunakan Kata kerja yang ada didalam kurung )

1. If I have enough apples , I ( bake ) ………………………………… an apple pie this afternoon
2. If I had enough apples , I ( bake ) ………………………………… an apple pie this afternoon
3. I will fix your bicycle if I ( have ) ………………………………… a screwdriver of the proper size
4. Sally always answers the phone if she ( be ) ………………………………… in her offices
5. I would fix your bicycle if I ( have ) ………………………………… a screwdriver of the proper size
6. Sally would answer the phone if she ( be ) ………………………………….. in her office right now.
7. I ( be,not ) …………………………………. a student in this class if English ( be ) …………………………………. my native language
8. Most people know that oils floats on water. If you pour oil on water, it ( float ) ………………………………….
9. If there ( be ) …………………………………. no oxygen on earth, life as we know it ( exist , not ) ………………………………….
10. My evening newspaper has been late every day this week. If the paper ( arrive , not ) …………………………………. on time today, I’m going to cancel my subscription
11. If I ( be ) …………………………………. a bird, I ( want , not ) …………………………………. to live my whole life in a cage
12. How old ( human beings, live ) ……………………………………………………. to be if all diseases in the world ( be ) …………………………………. completely eradicated
13. If you boil water , it ( disappear ) …………………………………. into the atmosphere as vapor
14. If people ( have ) ………………………………….paws instead of hands with fingers and opposable thumbs, the machines we use in everyday life ( have to ) ……………………………….. be constructed very differently. We ( be , not ) ……………….able to turn knobs, push small buttons, or hold tools and utensils securely

UNTRUE IN THE SIMPLE PAST

Contoh :
- if you had told me about the problem , I would have helped you
( in truth : you did’nt tell me about it )
- if they had studied , they would have passed the exam
( in truth : they didn’t study. Therefore , they failed the exam )
- if I hadn’t slipped on the stairs , I wouldn’t have broken my arm
( in truth : I slipped on the stairs. I broke my arms )

Latihan : Lengkapilan Kalimat - kalimat dengan menggunakan kata kerja yang ada di dalam kurung

1. If I ( have ) ………………………………. enough money , I will go with you.
2. If I ( have ) ………………………………. enough money , I would go with you
3. If I ( have ) ………………………………. enough money , I would have gone with you
4. If the weather is nice tomorrow , we ( go ) ………………………………. to the zoo
5. If the weather were nice today , we ( go ) ………………………………. to the zoo
6. If the weather had been nice yesterday , we ( go ) ………………………………. to the zoo
7. If sally ( be ) ………………………………. at home tomorrow , I am going to visit her
8. Jim isn’t home right now, if he ( be ) ………………………………. at home right now , I ( visit ) ………………………………. him
9. Linda wasn’t at home yesterday. If she ( be ) ………………………………. at home yesterday, I ( visit ) ………………………………. her
10. A : Shh ! your father is taking a nap. Uh-oh. You woke him up
B : Gee ! I’m sorry, mom. If I ( realize ) ………………………………. he was sleeping, I ( make , not ) ………………………………. so much noise when I came on. But how was I supposed to know ?

Latihan : Untrue Conditionals .( Ubahlah Pernyataan dibawah ini kedalam Conditional sentences )

Contoh : Roberto came, so I wasn’t disappointed. But ……………..
But if he had not come, I would have been disappointed

1. There are so many bugs in the room because there isn’t a screen in the windows. But ………
2. I didn’t buy a bicycle because I didn’t have enough money. But ………….
3. I won’t buy a bicycle because I don’t have enough money. But …………..
4. You got into so much trouble because you didn’t listen to me. But ……………….
5. The woman did’t die because she received immediate medical attention. But …………………….
6. Nadia didn’t pass the entrance examination, so she wasn’t admitted to the university . but …………………
7. We ran out of gas because we didn’t stop at the service station. But ……………….

Latihan : Review : Conditional Sentences. Lengkapilah Kalimat dibawah ini dengan menggunakan kata kerja di dalam kurung

1. You should tell your father exactly what happened. If I ( be ) ………………………………. you, I ( tell ) ………………………………. him the truth as soon as possible
2. If I ( have ) ………………………………. my camera with me yesterday. I ( take ) ………………………………. a picture of Alex standing on his head
3. I’m almost ready to plant my garden, I have a lot of seeds. Maybe I have more than I need. If I ( have ) ………………………………. more seeds than I need, I ( give ) ………………………………. some to my neighbor
4. George has only two pairs of socks. If he ( have ) ………………………………. more than two pairs of socks, he ( have to , not ) ………………………………. wash his socks so often
5. The hapulled hiss gun to shoot at the rattlesnakes, but he was too late. If he ( be ) ………………………………. quicker to pull the trigger, the snake ( bite , not ) ………………………………. him on the foot. It’s a good thing he was wearing heavy leather boots.
6. What ( we , use ) ………………………………. to look at ourselves when we comb our hair if we ( have , not ) ………………………………. mirrors ?
7. It has been a long drought. It hasn’t rained for over a month. If it ( rain , not ) ……………………………….soon, a lot crops ( die ) ……………………………….. if the crops ( die ) ………………………………., many people ( go ) ………………………………. hungry this coming winter
8. According to one scientific theory , an asteroid collided with the earth millions of years ago, causing great changes in the earth’s climate. Some scientists believe that if this asteroid ( collide, not ) ………………………………. with the earth, the dinosaurs ( become , not ) ………………………………. extinct. Can you imagine what the world ( be ) ………………………………. like today if dinosaurs ( exist ,still ) ………………………………. ? do you think it ( be ) ………………………………. possible for dinosaurs and human beings to coexist on the same planet ?




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Friday, December 14, 2018

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Conditional Sentences 1


Situation :
True in the Present / Future.

IF CLAUSE :
Simple Present

RESULT CLAUSE :
Simple Present
( will + Simple Form )

Contoh Kalimat :
- if I have enough time , I will watch tv every evening
( if clause nya dalam bentuk simple present yang dinyatakan dengan kata kerja verb 1 “ have” , maka Result nya juga harus bentuk SIMPLE Present “ watch” )
- if I have enough time , I will watch tv later on tonight


Conditional Sentences 2

Situation : Untrue in the present or Future

IF CLAUSE :
Simple Past

RESULT CLAUSE :

( would + Simple Form )

Contoh Kalimat :
- if I had enough time , I would watch tv now or later on
( Contoh ini menunjukan kondisi dimana kejadian ini tidah berlangsung , instead of tidak terjadi kegiatan menonton tv )

Conditional Sentences 3

Situation :
- Untrue in the past

IF CLAUSE :
Past Perfect

RESULT CLAUSE :
( would have + Past Participle )

Contoh Kalimat :
- if I had had enough time , I would have watched tv yesterday

Latihan 1 : Conditional sentences - Lengkapi kaliamat dibawah ini dengan kata kerja yang di dalam kurung.

1. If I ( have ) …………………….. enough time , I ( write ) …………………….. my parents a letter every week
2. I I ( have ) …………………….. enough time , I ( write ) …………………….. my parents a letter later tonight
3. If I ( have ) …………………….. enough time right now , I ( write ) …………………….. my paents a letter
4. If I ( have ) …………………….. enough time later tonight, I ( write ) …………………….. my parents a letter



5. If I ( have ) …………………….. enough time , I ( write ) …………………….. my parents a letter lst night

Summary of Connectives / ringkasan kata penyambung kalimat : ( Cause and Effect , Contrast , condition )

Summary of Connectives / ringkasan kata penyambung kalimat : ( Cause and Effect , Contrast , condition )

Untuk kalian yang sedang getol getol nya belajar bahasa Inggris , bukan hanya tenses dan grammar saja yang harus di asah, tapi harus sering juga membaca article / reading article yang berbahasa Inggris.

Kenapa ?

Karena dalam artikel itu kita akan belajar meningkatkan Vocabulary.
Hal lain yang perlu di ingat penting dalam membangun kalimat saat melakukan conversation adalah harus kaya akan VOCAB ( perbendarahan kata ).

Bagaimana kalian mau conversation dengan smooth jika sebaliknya kata yang akan di expresikan atau diungkapkan kepada lawan bicara tidak tau atau stuck.

So rajin rajin ya baca reading english article , dan jika kalian menemukan kata yang sulit , saran saya , usahakan jangan translate dengan menggunakan English Indonesia , cara ini akan mempersempit perbendaharaan kata , sebab hanya stop di arti tersebut .

Jika kalian jarang mempraktekan kata tersebut , otomatis akan cepat lupa. Then , cara yang mungkin efektif untuk menambah / memperkaya vocabulary jika memnemukan kata yang sulit ialah carit terjemahan English ke English , instead of cari tahu similarity / persamaan dari kata tersebut.

Btw , Di sini ada ringkasan kata penyambung yang penting juga saat kita conversation menggunakan bahasa Inggris ( took from aboo Understanding and Using English Grammar ) you are likely must have the book.

Beberapa Kata Penyambung dalam kalimat :

1. CAUSE AND EFFECT / Sebab dan Akibat.
Because ( sebab )
Since ( sejak )
Now what ( sekarang apa )
So ( that ) ( maka )
Therefore ( oleh karena itu )
Consequently ( karenanya )
So ( maka , agar )
Far
Because of
Due to ( disebabkan oleh , berdasarkan )

2. CONTRAST / Berlawanan
Even though
Although
Though
Whereas
While
However
Nevertheles
Nonetheles
On the other hand
But ( ……… anyway )
Yet ( ……. still )
Despite
In spite of

3. CONDITION / Keadaan
If
Unless
Only if
Even if
Whether or not
In case
In the event that
Otherwise
Or ( else )


Disini ada soal latihan buat kalian yang berhubungan dengan CONNECTIVES
LATIHAN : Complete the sentences below by your own sentences
Example : - Because I did not study , …………………………..
Jawaban : Because I did not study , I failed the exam

1. I failed the exam because …………………………..
2. Although I studied , …………………………..
3. I did not study therefore …………………………..
4. I did not study however …………………………..
5. I studied nevertheless …………………………..
6. Even though I did not study …………………………..
7. I did not study so …………………………..
8. Since I did not study …………………………..
9. If I study for the test …………………………..
10. Unless I study for the test …………………………..
11. I must study otherwise …………………………..
12. Even if I study …………………………..
13. I did not study consequently …………………………..
14. I failed the exam for …………………………..
15. I have to study so that …………………………..

LATIHAN 2 Error Analysis . Correct the errors

1. Unless I study very hard , I will pass all of my exams
2. My shoes and pants got muddy. Even though I walked carefully through the wet streets
3. My neighborhood is quit and safe however. I always lock my doors
4. Although I usually don’t like Mexican food, but I liked the food I had at the mexican restaurant last night
5. Although my room in the dormitory is very small, but I like it. Because it is a place where I can be by myself and studying in peace and quite
6. Despite I prefer to be a history teacher, I am studying in the Business School in order for I can get a job in industry.
7. A little girl approached the cage hoewever when the tiger shows its teeth and growls she run to her mother, because she was frightened.
8. Many of the people working to save our environment think that they are fighting a losing battle. Because big business, and the government have not joined together to eliminate pollution
9. The weather was so cold that I don’t like to leave my apartment.
10. I have to study four hour everyday because of my courses are difficult.


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